In several methods natural farming a method farming method in agriculture. Today modern agriculture face a major problem is an environment. Change of climate, degradation of soil and waste, irrigation problems are connecting with agriculture. Excessive uses of fertilizers have affected soil, water, and air. We have lost the quality of the soil because of more uses of fertilizer like urea and nitrate. Birds, plants, insects are also killed by the uses of pesticides.
What is the result of all these hazards? Natural farming is the best way to reducing all these hazards. ‘Natural farming’ means farming with nature and without chemicals. This is the slogan of this farming. ‘In the 1940s in Japan natural farming popularised by Masanobu Fukuoka.
Zero Budget Farming:
Zero budget natural farming is a set of the farming method. One Subash Palekar, the agriculturist is the creator of the “Zero budget natural farming” model in India. A grassroots peasant movement has spread in various places of India especially in South India. In India debt is a problem for farmers. “Zero budget” means without using any credit and without spending any money for purchasing inputs. So, this type of farming welcomed by the Indian people.
Natural farming is the best farming method in agricultural practices:
In agricultural practices, natural farming has no side effects. Soil and ecosystem also saved. Under natural farming, the farmyard minute prepared from the cow’s dung and urine. So the fertilizer and pesticides are not used by the farmers. So, the farmers need not invest money in these things. At the same time, farmers are also benefiting in this method. Their livelihood rises too. Under organic farming, the method has a deleterious impact on the environment.
Importance of Natural Farming:
In natural farming, sustainable farming is an important concept. This concept helps farmers, related to the other agricultural industries like crops, raising animals, forestry, harvesting timber, to maintain the health of the soil and various living organisms. It also helps to decrease non-renewable resources.
Organic farming is profitable to the farmers, and the customers too. Organic food appeals the healthy and ethical choice. Natural farming is improving oil structure and formation. Soil biodiversity is increasing. It is to help to maintain the soil and enhance soil productivity.
Pesticide and chemical give in many negative environmental issues. In organic farming, its functions will decrease. This will increase the health and wealth of the people. Air pollution will decrease.
By natural farming, to prevent soil erosion. Organic farming builds not only healthy soil but also helps to combat soil and land issues.
Pollution of the groundwater is a major problem of agricultural areas. In these areas, prohibited in-organic fertilizers and replaced by organic fertilizers, to enhance soil structure and water infiltration. Natural farming is also to conserve water.
In general, organic farming encourages healthy bio-diversity. In addition, biodiversity reduced correlate with a rise in infectious diseases.
Agriculture is the main occupation not only in India but around the world. Organic farming may yield profitable for farmers.