Microbiology encompasses many disciplines like Bacteriology, Mycology, and Parasitology. Medical microbiologists recognize the micro-organisms that cause infectious diseases and discover ways to fight them.

Read on further to know about the future career prospects of Microbiology (MY) in India.

Microbiologists Role

In general, these people try to control the spread of diseases by overseeing water and food supplies.

  • Food and Dairy MYcombat transmission of foodborne diseases, and preserves food from microbial damages, and it also produces cheese, wine, and yogurt.
  • Agricultural MY – checks crop health, and it also maximizes crop production and soil health.
  • Microbial ecologists – study the effect of micro-organisms on water and soil.

Job responsibilities of Microbiologists

The microbiologists usually perform the following duties,

  • Oversee and conducts tests on several microbiological activities.
  • Updates knowledge on testing strategies. 
  • Material analysis after relevant sterilization.
  • Protocol developments and validations for many environmental controls.
  • Sample component testing.
  • Preparing lab processes reports.

Career Prospects

Upon completion of the doctorate in MY in India, one can acquire jobs in the R&D sectors of significant Pharmaceutical firms.

Today the following research opportunities are prevalent in India,

  • Formulation Research
  • Clinical Research
  • Urban Disease Control
  • New Drug Discovery

Courses & Eligibility Criteria in India

To pursue B.Sc. MY in India, a student should have completed their Higher Secondary with a Science major with at least 50%.

To pursue M.Sc. MY, a graduate with B.Sc. MY is eligible to apply.

The following are some specializations that are available for M.Sc. MY/Applied MY,

  • Hospital Management
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Research
  • Industrial MY
  • Bioinformatics
  • Forensic Science
  • Molecular Biology

Top Indian Universities offering MY

  • Delhi University
  • Bharathiar University
  • Punjab University
  • Sardar Patel University
  • Osmania University

Career Prospects for microbiologists in India

  • Agriculture– professionals study the influence of microbes in plant diseases, soil fertility, and pest control.
  • Medicine and Health care sector– experts work with analysis, prevention, and treatment of sicknesses related to microbes.
  • The professionals find their skill applications in the areas of environmental pollution control, agro chemistry, biotechnology, and pharmacy, and much more.

Future of Microbiology in India

India is a nation that is affected by many diseases due to multiple drug resistance mechanisms in causative bodies.

Our country’s microbiologists are currently in the phase of understanding how the organisms acquire resistance against the drugs. Many researchers are on the path of finding new medicines for combating pathogenic bacteria. The process is about to make Indian MY the pioneers in the field.

Many companies recruit MY graduates with scientific knowledge, problem-solving, and analytical skills. The current COVID pandemic has provided various job opportunities in the research of life-threatening micro-organisms, which results in an increased demand for microbiologists in India (and overseas too).

India is an agricultural nation, and research expertise is needed in the areas of food & nutrition to feed people. Many government research organizations are working on crop protection methods against pathogens and climatic conditions.


The above-curated information provides some insights into the career scope of MY in India. Our prospect lies in the hand of the future of MY. Be a part of the prospect, and enrol at College of Arts & Science to acquire a degree in Microbiology. The college offers the best and the most comprehensive Degree courses that help students to become successful professionals.